Segment 1

Annotation

Kleiss starts by reading a narrative about the causes that led up to the Pearl Harbor attack and how it was that Admiral Kimmel [Annotator's note: Admiral Husband Edward Kimmel, a four-star admiral in the United States Navy. He served as Commander-in-chief, U.S. Pacific Fleet at the time of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor] was in charge of naval forces there.On 27 November [Annotator's note: 1941] a message came from Washington DC that an attack by the Japanese was expected but stating that no overt action was to be taken. Prior to the Japanese attack, 2 Japanese were found in a restricted area and given 2 warnings before they were finally brought up on charges. Another suspicious event was an advertisement in the Honolulu Advertiser newspaper for various types of silk on sale for 1 dollar per yard. A friend of a friend of Kleiss went to the FBI [Annotator's note: Federal Bureau of Investigation] and informed them that there were no silks by those names and the company selling them didn't exist.An attack on Pearl Harbor was suspected.It was Halsey's [Annotator's note: Fleet Admiral William Frederick Halsey, Jr.] idea to send aircraft to Wake and Midway islands. Kleiss states that Halsey was allowed to deliver the planes but ordered that he had to have his ships back at 1010 Dock by the 6th of December 1941.On 28 November Admiral Kimmel told the fleet that they were in Battle Condition 2 and 3. When Kleiss's ship left Wake Island they ran into a storm that prevented them from arriving back at Pearl Harbor by 6 December 1941.When the carrier was 150 nautical miles from Pearl Harbor they sent out a flight of 18 SBDs [Annotator's note: Douglas SBD Dauntless, naval dive bombers] to search out ahead of the ship. When the first SBDs encountered planes heading toward them they did not think they were Japanese because they were modern planes.A spy had told the Japanese where all military installations were.Admiral Nagumo [Annotator's note: Japanese Admiral Chuichi Nagumo] had all 6 of his carriers. The American carriers were not there so Nagumo only launched 2 attacks.Nagumo believed that there were a number of American carriers nearby. Had the carriers been in port things would have been different. Oahu would have been put out of business, Midway would have been captured easily, and World War II would have been completely different situation.

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